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18 July, 2018

ၿမန္မာက ေလပဲရွိတယ္-လက္ေတြ႕မရွိဘူးလို႔ ရွိတ္ဟာဆီနာစြပ္စြဲ


Image result for PM sheik Hasina
ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ ရွိတ္ဟာဆီနာက ေနရပ္စြန္႔ခြာလာၾကတဲ့ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြ ေနရပ္ျပန္သြားေရးကို ေဆြးေႏြးပြဲေတြအတြင္းမွာ ျမန္မာအစိုးရက ေဆြးေႏြးတဲ့ကိစၥမွန္သမွ် သေဘာတူလိုက္ေလ်ာခဲ့ေပမဲ့ ေနာက္ဆံုးေတာ့ လက္ေတြ႕လုပ္ေဆာင္တာမရွိခဲ့ေၾကာင္း မေန႔ က ေျပာၾကားလိုက္ပါတယ္။
ဟာဆီနာဟာ ဒါကားၿမိဳ႕ရွိ သူမရံုးခန္းမွာ တရားရံုးအက်ဳိးေတာ္ေဆာင္အဖြဲ႔ တစ္ခုျဖစ္တဲ့ Robert F Kennedy Human Rights လူ႔အခြင့္ေရးအဖြဲ႕ ဥကၠဌ ကယ္ရီ ကေနဒီနဲ႔ေတြ႕ဆံုခ်ိန္မွာ အခုလို ေျပာျပလိုက္တာပါ။
“က်မတို႔ဟာ ျမန္မာအစိုးရနဲ႔ အႀကိမ္ႀကိမ္ေဆြးေႏြးခဲ့တာပါ။ က်မတို႔ႏိုင္ငံဟာ အၿမဲတမ္း ဘယ္ျပႆနာမဆို ၿငိမ္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းခ်မ္းနဲ႔ ေျဖရွင္း ခ်င္တာပါ။ က်မတို႔က ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး-၀န္ႀကီးအဆင့္ေဆြးေႏြးပြဲေတြ၊ အရာရွိ-အဆင့္ ေဆြးေႏြးပြဲေတြေတာင္ ျမန္မာနဲ႔ေဆြးေႏြးခဲ့တာပါ။ ကံမေကာင္းအေၾကာင္းမလွစြာနဲ႔ ျမန္မာအစိုးရက ကိစၥရပ္အားလံုးကို သေဘာတူထားခဲ့ေပမဲ့ ေနာက္ဆံုးမွာ ဘာတစ္ခုမွ အေကာင္ထည္ ေဖာ္ျခင္း မရွိခဲ့ပါဘူး” လို႔ 
ေတြ႕ဆံုပြဲအၿပီးမွာ ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ရဲ႕ မီဒီယာ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ Ihsanul Karim က သတင္းေထာက္မ်ားကို အတိုခ်ံဳးပီး ခုလိုေျပာခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္မွာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ၁.၁ သန္းခိုလံႈခြင့္ေပးထားတာဟာ သူတို႔ႏိုင္ငံအတြက္ ၀န္ထုပ္၀န္ပိုးျဖစ္ေနၿပီး ျမန္မာ အစိုးရကို ျပန္ေခၚဖို႔ ပန္ၾကားခဲ့ေၾကာင္းလည္း ေျပာျပပါတယ္။
Myanmar talks, does not act
ကို Ko Richard Smith ဘာသာျပန္သည္
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ICC marks 20th anniversary with plea for help fighting war crimes

© ICC judges deliver a decision in the case against Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir at The Hague on July 6, 2017.
Text by FRANCE 24
Latest update : 2018-07-17

The International Criminal Court marked its 20th anniversary on Tuesday with a plea for all nations to help it seek justice for victims of war crimes, weeks after the acquittal of a former Congolese militia chief dealt a blow to its credibility.

“Two decades after the Rome conference, the system of international justice created by the Rome Statute continues to make waves towards building a culture of accountability,” said chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda.
Even though the tribunal, based in The Hague, faced many challenges “its work is increasingly shaping norms, casting a deterrent shadow across the globe”, she said.
The tribunal’s guiding Rome Statute was agreed in July 1998, and it opened its doors in 2002 as a court of last resort, to prosecute those behind the world’s worst atrocities in places where national authorities could not or would not step in.
In 16 years, it has sentenced three people: two Congolese militia leaders and a Malian jihadist.
Other cases have collapsed. In some instances wanted suspects remain at large, including Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, and four trials are currently underway.
And last month, former Congolese vice president Jean-Pierre Bemba, initially sentenced to 18 years in prison for war crimes, was acquitted on appeal in a blow to the prosecution.
‘Not an easy task’
The court has been repeatedly criticised, accused of unfairly targeting African nations, even though complex initial probes are also underway in the Palestinian territories, Afghanistan, the Philippines and Ukraine.
In 2017, under investigation for suspected crimes against humanity in which 1,200 people were said to have died, Burundi became the first country to withdraw from the tribunal.

Bensouda acknowledged the court’s work “is not an easy task given the complex environments” in which it operates.
She highlighted “large scale criminality on the ground, changing political climates, with dwindling resource capacity, and varying degrees of cooperation” despite “ever-increasing demands for the court’s intervention”.
But she stressed: “Attacks on the court to undermine its important work, or in the service of Machiavellian schemes to shield the culpable, must continue to be met with the determined and unequivocal voices of support from principal states parties and civil society.”
All had a responsibility “to ensure we don’t disappoint the victims embroiled in devastating conflicts all over the world, past or present”, she added.
Nigerian leader hails ‘vital’ institution
Giving a key-note speech, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari said he was honoured “to celebrate the anniversary of this vital global institution. I say ‘vital’ because the world needs the ICC”.
Buhari said the ICC had “given hope for justice to so many, by demanding strict adherence to the rules of international humanitarian law”.
The Nigerian leader urged states “not to politicise” the court’s decisions, insisting that “the ICC, and all that it stands for, is now needed more than ever”.
He added: “I urge all States that have not yet done so to […] accede to the Rome Statute of the ICC so that it can become a universal treaty.”
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)
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ICC 20th anniversary: ရာဇ၀တ္ခုံရုံး၏ နုိင္ငံ တကာ၂၀ ျပည့္၊ နွစ္ပတ္လည္ အထိမ္းအမွတ္ က်င္းပ

ေရာမ စာခ်ဳပ္၀င္ နုိင္ငံျဖစ္တဲ့ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ နုိင္ငံ၏ ပါလီမန္ အစည္းအရုံး အမွုေဆာင္ ဥကၠဌ Dr Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury မွ  ICC နုိင္ငံတကာ ရာဇ၀တ္ခုံရုံး၌ ေရာမ စာခ်ဳပ္ နွစ္ ၂၀ ျပည့္၊ နွစ္ပတ္လည္ အထိမ္းအမွတ္ မိန္ ့ခြန္းမွာ ေၿပာၾကားရာတြင္ (Crimes of Forcible Deportation) ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာ လူမ်ဳိးအား အဓမၼ ေမာင္းနွင္ျခင္း အမွဳကုိ နုိင္ငံတကာ ရာဇ၀တ္ခုံရုံး၏ ေတာင္းဆုိခ်က္အရ တရားစဲြဆုိေရးမွာ ျဖည့္စည္း ေဆာင္ရြက္ထားသည္ဟု ယခု က်င္းပေနတဲ့  ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ နုိင္ငံ ပါလီမန္ အစည္းအရုံး အမွုေဆာင္ ဥကၠဌ Dr Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury မွ ေျပာဆုိလုိက္ပါတယ္။
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16 July, 2018

UN to Rohingya: You Can’t Go Home Safely Any Time Soon


by  • July 15, 2018 • AsiaGender-Based ViolenceHuman RightsRefugees • 




Displaced Rohingya women, 2017, in Bangladesh. The UN is struggling to help resolve the crisis of millions of Rohingya who escaped a pogrom in Myanmar but face enormous risks in returning home. TASNIM NEWS AGENCY

Among refugee advocates there  has been a growing concern that recent agreements among regional governments and the United Nations on a framework for mitigating the Rohingya crisis could prompt at least some of the million-plus people who have fled the deadly military pogrom in Myanmar to consider risking a return to try to rebuild their lives.
But impressions gathered in early July by UN officials and leaders of humanitarian organizations during meetings with Rohingya in refugee camps in Bangladesh, where most of the people have escaped to, reveal that officials think any hopes of returning are premature and dangerous.

Several hundred-thousand more Rohingya refugees are also scattered across Southeast Asia: in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. Like those who fled to Bangladesh, most Rohingya tell visitors that they are too afraid to go back, though they are not welcome where they have landed.
Anwarul Chowdhury, a former Bangladesh ambassador to the UN and later a UN under secretary-general for least-developed nations, landlocked countries and small island states, said in an interview with PassBlue that he was ready to label as “genocide” the Burmese Buddhist military’s campaign against the mostly Muslim Rohingya.
UN officials have described the purge of Rohingya as a classic case of ethnic cleansing, which is a violation of international law. Bangladesh has been in touch with the International Criminal Court in The Hague to identify potential Burmese subjects for investigation. Asked about that recently by a reporter for The Irrawaddy, a leading national news service, the Burmese government spokesman, U Zaw Htay, said, “The ICC has nothing to do with Myanmar.”
Chowdhury said that too much trust internationally had been placed on the leadership of Aug San Suu Kyi, who as the self-styled State Counselor (a military constitution prevents her from being president) has not acted decisively. Any plan to help Rohingya refugees return to Myanmar would be condemning them to more uncontrolled “carnage,” Chowdhury said.
On July 1, UN Secretary-General António Guterres, accompanied by the president of the World Bank, Jim Yong Kim, and Filippo Grandi, the UN high commissioner for refugees, heard firsthand about the decimation of Rohingya life in Myanmar’s Rakhine state.
On July 10, Guterres wrote in The Washington Post: “Small children butchered in front of their parents. Girls and women gang-raped while family members were tortured and killed. Villages burned to the ground. Nothing could have prepared me for the bone-chilling accounts I heard last week in Bangladesh. . . . ”
Chowdhury, who has long supported women in the UN system, said that the protection of women’s rights and health should be a top priority for the UN both in the refugee camps and certainly if officials decided to encourage anyone to go back to Myanmar, also still known as Burma.
Guterres has been stepping up his urgent appeals for more international aid for the refugees and financial assistance to Bangladesh, a poor, densely populated country that has absorbed the burden of caring for a huge influx of desperate, battered and traumatized survivors since last August.
A UN call for about $1 billion in donations to a humanitarian fund for the refugees is only 26 percent met. Malnutrition in the camps is a result, Guterres wrote. The World Bank has offered $500 million in grant aid (not burdensome loans) to the Bangladesh government of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wazed, but the needs will be far greater as monsoon winds and rains begin.
Chowdhury said that the Bangladesh government must be more vocal and visible its own appeals to international donors to augment what funds international organizations of all kinds can raise. The country has a very low profile even at the best of times.
The International Organization for Migration, which is the lead agency in responding to the crisis in Bangladesh with with the UN Development Program, has published a comprehensive update of the work being done in numerous fields such as water supply, health care and improved shelter.
Chowdhury said that it was a disgrace that Bangladesh is getting almost no help from other governments or regional multigovernment associations in South Asia or Southeast Asia. Myanmar is a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Bangladesh is part of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). In the latter group, only Pakistan has spoken out but just to offer moral support, Chowdhury said.
India, under a Hindu nationalist government, is turning away Rohingya on its border with Myanmar, at times with military force, and has plans to deport some people who settled in the country after earlier refugee arrivals. From about 2010 to 2014, under a secular Congress Party-led government, India resettled about 14,000 Rohingya refugees and asylum seekers, Indian media have reported.
At the headquarters of the UN refugee agency in Geneva, a spokesman, Charlie Yaxley, said in a telephone interview with PassBlue that his organization was fully aware of the dangers of early return to Myanmar, saying that a recent memorandum of understanding signed by Myanmar, the UN Refugee Agency and the UN Development Program was only a first step in what could be a long process.
“The purpose of this MoU is to work towards creating conditions that would eventually allow for the voluntary return of the Rohingya refugees currently in Bangladesh,” Yaxley said. “I think it is very important to stress is that this is simply the first step.”
The UN Refugee Agency does not have a presence in Rakhine state, so is not in a position yet to assess the situation on the ground or help returnees until conditions are conducive.
“We do not consider those conditions to currently be in place, and any returns that do take place will have to be done on an entirely voluntary basis with the full informed consent of the individuals involved, and only after the required engagement has been carried out with the Rohingya community themselves,” Yaxley said. “I think that’s really key to the immediate steps in the direction towards a voluntary repatriation program — but a welcome first step nonetheless.”
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U.N. readies to send experts to Myanmar’s Rakhine after Rohingya return deal – official

REUTERS REUTERS
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YANGON (Reuters) – The United Nations is preparing to send teams of experts into Myanmar’s Rakhine state to begin work aimed at eventually repatriating Rohingya Muslims who fled violence last year, the regional head of the U.N. development agency said on Thursday.
The U.N. agencies for development and refugees struck an outline deal with Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi’s government at the end of May to allow Rohingya Muslims sheltering in Bangladesh to return safely and by choice.
Haoliang Xu, the United Nations Development Programme’s director for the Asia-Pacific region, said U.N. officials were last week allowed to travel freely around northern Rakhine for the first time since August 2017.
But an initial work plan still needed to be devised with the government before proper assessment could begin, Xu told Reuters in an interview in Myanmar’s largest city, Yangon.
“You can say we are working with an extreme sense of urgency,” he said. “We’re also preparing in parallel to send in teams.”
Those teams would assess the needs of an estimated more than 200,000 Rohingya and other communities who remain in northern Rakhine, he said.
Myanmar’s main government spokesman Zaw Htay was not available for comment.
Myanmar’s military launched a crackdown in the northern part of Rakhine in response to militant attacks in August, driving 700,000 stateless Rohingya across the border to Bangladesh.
Suu Kyi’s civilian administration defended what it described as a legitimate counter-insurgency operation, and denied allegations of ethnic cleansing. It says it is ready to accept back those who fled.
Xu said that the plan was designed to “create the conditions for return… by undertaking quick impact projects that will benefit the population who are still there,” such as cash-for-work projects, small-scale infrastructure improvements or agricultural schemes.
The deal between the U.N. and the government was not made public, but a draft was seen by Reuters and also leaked online last month.
Refugee leaders and human rights groups criticised the memorandum of understanding (MoU) for failing to give explicit guarantees that those who return will get citizenship or be able to move freely throughout Myanmar.
The Rohingya, who regard themselves as native to Rakhine state, are widely considered as interlopers by Myanmar’s Buddhist majority and are denied citizenship.
Xu said tackling these issues required taking “small steps”, and said Myanmar had committed to providing a “pathway to citizenship”.
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14 July, 2018

ျမန္မာ၀န္ႀကီးဌာန ႏွစ္ခုအေပၚ ကန္ ျပည္၀င္ခြင့္ဗီဇာ ပိတ္ပင္မႈခ်မွတ္

အေမရိကန္ အမိေျမ လံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနရဲ႕ အေရးယူေဆာင္ရြက္မႈအရ သက္ဆိုင္ရာ အစုိးရ၀န္ႀကီးဌာန အရာရွိႀကီးေတြနဲ႔ မိသားစု၀င္ေတြကို က ဇူလိုင္လ (၉)ရက္ေန႔ကတည္း ဗီဇာထုတ္ေပးတာ ရပ္ဆိုင္းဖို႔ ျမန္မာ နဲ႔ လာအို ႏိုင္ငံက အေမရိကန္သံရံုးေတြကို ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Mike Pompeo ညြန္ၾကားခ်က္ ေပးပို႕ထားၿပီးျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးဌာန ေျပာခြင့္ရက ဗီြအိုေအကို ေျပာပါတယ္။
မအင္ၾကင္းႏိုင္က အျပည့္အစံုကို ဆက္လက္တင္ျပမွာပါ။
ဇူလိုင္လ (၁၀)ရက္ေန႔ ရက္စဲြနဲ႕ ထုတ္ျပန္တဲ့ အေမရိကန္ အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနရဲ႕ ေၾကညာခ်က္အရ ဗီဇာပိတ္ပင္အေရးယူမႈ အစီအစဥ္ကို အေမရိကန္ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာန နဲ႔ ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္တာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အဓိက ျမန္မာ ၀န္ႀကီးဌာန ႏွစ္ခုျဖစ္တဲ့ အလုပ္သမား၊ လူ၀င္မႈႀကီးၾကပ္ေရးနဲ႔ ျပည္သူ႔အင္အား၀န္ႀကီးဌာန ေနာက္ ျပည္ထဲေရး၀န္ႀကီးဌာန ေတြက လက္ရွိ ညြန္ၾကားေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ရာထူးအဆင့္အပါအ၀င္ သူရဲ႕ အထက္ ၀န္ႀကီးအဆင့္ထိ အရာရွိႀကီးအားလံုးနဲ႕ သူတို႔ရဲ႕ မိသားစု၀င္ေတြကို အလုပ္သေဘာပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္၊ အလည္အပတ္ပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္ B1၊ B2 nonimmigrant ဗီဇာေတြကို ဇူလိုင္လ (၉)ရက္က စတင္ၿပီး ခြ်င္းခ်က္ အကန္႔အသတ္နဲ႔ ပိတ္ပင္အေရးယူလိုက္ေၾကာင္း ေၾကညာခ်က္မွာ ေဖၚျပထားပါတယ္။
ျမန္မာနဲ႕ လာအို အစိုးရေတြဟာ အေမရိကန္က ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္ေပးလိုက္တဲ့ သူတို႔ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြကို ျပန္ၿပီးလက္ခံဖို႔ ျငင္းပယ္တာ ဒါမွမဟုတ္ ခိုင္လံုတဲ့ အေၾကာင္းျပခ်က္မေပးပဲ ေႏွာင့္ေနးေနတာ စတဲ့ အခ်က္ေတြေၾကာင့္ အေရးယူဖို႔ အေမရိကန္ အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာန ၀န္ႀကီး Kirstjen M.Nielsen က ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Pompeo ကို အေၾကာင္းၾကားခဲ့တာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း အဂၤါေန႔ ေႏွာင္းပိုင္းက ထုတ္ျပန္တဲ့ အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနရဲ႕ ေၾကညာခ်က္မွာ ေဖၚျပထားပါတယ္။ ဒါနဲ႔ပတ္သက္လို႔ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးဌာန ေျပာခြင့္ရ အမ်ဳိးသမီးက ဗီြအိုေအကို အခုလိုေျပာပါတယ္။
“ျမန္မာနဲ႔ လာအိုတို႔နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး အမိေျမ လံုၿခံဳေရးထံက လူ၀င္မႈႀကီးၾကပ္ေရးနဲ႔ ႏုိင္ငံသား အက္ဥပေဒပုဒ္မ ၂၄၃ (ဃ) အရ အေမရိကန္ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာနထံ ေပးပို႔တဲ့ အေၾကာင္းၾကားစာကို လက္ခံရရွိပါတယ္။ အဲဒီဥပေဒအရ ကိုယ္႔ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြကို ျပန္လက္ခံဖို႔ ျငင္းဆိုတာ ဒါမွမဟုတ္ အတိုင္းအစမရွိ ၾကန္႔ၾကာေအာင္ လုပ္တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ အေမရိကန္ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာနကို အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနက အေၾကာင္းၾကားရပါတယ္။ အေၾကာင္းၾကားစာလက္ခံရရွိၿပီးတဲ့ေနာက္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးက သက္ဆိုင္ရာ ႏိုင္ငံမွာ ဘယ္ဗီဇာ ဒါမွမဟုတ္ ဗီဇာအားလံုးထုတ္ေပးတာကေန ရပ္ဖို႔ သံရံုးရဲ႕ ေကာင္စစ္၀င္အရာရွိေတြကို အမိန္႔ေပးရပါတယ္။ ဗီဇာကန္႔သတ္မႈေတြကို ခ်မွတ္ရာမွာ ေလွ်ာက္ထားသူေတြရဲ႕ ဘယ္အမ်ိဳးအစားေတြအေပၚမွာ ကန္႔သတ္မယ္ဆိုတာကို ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးက ဆံုးျဖတ္ရတာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။”
ဒါအျပင္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးကိုယ္တိုင္ ညြန္ၾကားခ်က္ ေပးပို႕ထားတာနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔လည္း သူက အခုလိုရွင္းျပပါတယ္။
“ျမန္မာနဲ႔ လာအိုႏိုင္ငံမွာ ဗီဇာကန္႔သတ္မႈေတြကို ၂၀၁၈ ဇူလိုင္လာ ၉ ရက္ေန႔ကစလို႔ ခ်မွတ္ဖို႔ ေကာင္စစ္၀န္ရံုးအရာရွိေတြကို ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးက အမိန္႔ေပးထားပါတယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံတႏိုင္ငံျခင္းစီလိုက္ လူ၀င္မႈႀကီးၾကပ္ေရးနဲ႔ ႏုိင္ငံသား အက္ဥပေဒပုဒ္မ ၂၄၃(ဃ) အရ ဗီဇာကန္႔သတ္ခံထားရတဲ့ ေလွ်ာက္ထားသူေတြရဲ႕ အမ်ိဳးအစားေတြကို ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးက အဆံုးျဖတ္ေပးရတာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အေမရိကန္သံရံုး ေကာင္စစ္၀န္ရံုးရဲ႕ လုပ္ငန္းေတြကေတာ့ ဆက္ၿပီးရွိသြားမွာပါ။ အခုလို ဗီဇာ ကန္႔သတ္မႈေတြဟာ ဗီဇာ ဆိုင္းငံ႔ျခင္းခံထားရမႈမွာ မပါ၀င္တဲ့ လူေတြရဲ႕ ေလွ်ာက္လႊာေတြကို စိစစ္မႈအပါအ၀င္ တျခား ေကာင္စစ္၀န္ရံုးရဲ႕ လုပ္ငန္းေတြနဲ႔ မပတ္သက္ပါဘူး။”
အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနရဲ႕ ေၾကညာခ်က္မွာလည္း အခုလိုအေရးယူမႈအတြက္ ေနာက္ဆံုး ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ မခ်ခင္အခ်ိန္ထိ ျမန္မာနဲ႔ လာအို ႏွစ္ႏိုင္ငံအစိုးရေတြရဲ႕ အဆင့္ျမင့္တာ၀န္ရွိပုဂၢိဳလ္ေတြနဲ႕ အေမရိကန္အစိုးရက သံတမန္ေရးအရ အျပန္အလွန္ေဆြးေႏြးေျပာဆို ႀကိဳးပမ္းခဲ့ေၾကာင္း ေဖၚျပထားပါတယ္။ ကိုယ့္ရဲ႕ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြကို ျပန္ၿပီးလက္ခံဖို႔ ခရီးသြားလက္မွတ္၊ ပတ္စ္ပို႕ စတာေတြကို ထုတ္ေပးဖို႔ ျငင္းပယ္တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေတြေၾကာင့္ အေမရိကန္ လႊတ္ေတာ္က ျပဌာန္းထားတဲ့ လူ၀င္မႈႀကီးၾကပ္ေရးနဲ႕ ႏိုင္ငံသားဥပေဒအရ ေဆာင္ရြက္တဲ့ အေမရိကန္အစိုးရရဲ႕ ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္ခတ္အေရးယူမႈဟာ အဓိပၸါယ္ ကင္းမဲ့ေစတယ္လို႔လည္း အမိေျမ လံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနက ေျပာပါတယ္။ ဒါအျပင္ သူမ်ားႏိုင္ငံမွာ ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္ေပးခံရတဲ့ ကိုယ့္ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြကို ျပန္ၿပီးလက္ခံရမယ္ဆိုတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ သေဘာတူစာခ်ဳပ္ပါ အခ်က္ေတြကိုလည္း အဲဒီႏိုင္ငံေတြက ခ်ဳိးေဖာက္ရာ ေရာက္တယ္လို႔ ဆိုပါတယ္။
ဒါအျပင္ Zadvydas ဇာဗီဒါ နဲ႔ Davis အမႈတဲြအေပၚမွာ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္တရားရံုးခ်ဳပ္ရဲ႕ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ကို အေျခခံရမယ္ဆိုရင္ ခြ်င္းခ်က္အနည္းငယ္ကလဲြၿပီး လူ႔အဖဲြ႔အစည္းအတြက္ အႏၱရာယ္ရွိသူေတြ ဒါမွမဟုတ္ ထြက္ေျပးမယ့္ အႏၱရာယ္ရွိသူေတြလို႕ ယူဆရတဲ့ တရားမ၀င္ေရာက္ရွိေနတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံျခားသားေတြ အပါအ၀င္ ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္အမိန္႔ ခ်မွတ္ခံထားရတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံျခားသားေတြအေနနဲ႔ ဘယ္အခ်ိန္မွာ သူတို႔ ျပန္ပို႕ခံရမလဲဆိုတာကို အထင္အရွား အေသအခ်ာမသိဘူးဆိုရင္ ဒီလူေတြကို ေျခာက္လ ထက္ပိုၿပီး ထိန္းသိမ္းပိုင္ခြင့္ မရွိဘူးဆိုတာပါ။
ဒါေၾကာင့္ ICE ေခၚ အေမရိကန္ လူ၀င္မႈ နဲ႔ အခြန္ႀကီးၾကပ္ေရးဌာနအေနနဲ႕ ရာဇ၀တ္က်ဴးလြန္သူ အႏၱရာယ္ရွိသူေတြကို ျပန္ၿပီးလႊတ္ေပးေနရေၾကာင္း အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနရဲ႕ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္မွာ ေဖၚျပထားပါတယ္။
သမၼတ Donald Trump အစိုးရလက္ထက္မွာ ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္ေပးမႈကို အရင္ အစိုးရေတြထက္ ပိုမိုခ်မွတ္လုပ္ေဆာင္လာတာေတြ႕ရေၾကာင္း ျမန္မာ အေမရိကန္ လူမႈေရးအသင္း BACI ဥကၠဌ ေဒါက္တာ Rodinga က ဗီြအိုေအကိုေျပာပါတယ္။
“က်ေနာ္တို႔ ၂၀၁၀ အထိေလာက္က ျမန္မာျပည္သားေတြ ျမန္မာျပည္ျပန္ပို႔ခံရတယ္ဆိုတာက မရွိသေလာက္ပဲ။ ၁ ေယာက္ ၂ ေယာက္ေပါ့ေလ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးနဲ႔ ၂ ခါ ၃ ခါ အဖမ္းခံရလို႔ ျပန္ပို႔တာရွိတယ္။ အခုကေတာ့ အရက္မူးၿပီး ကားေမာင္းတာ ၊ တခါ ၂ ခါ ဖမ္းခံရတာနဲ႔ အဲဒါ ျမန္မာျပည္ျပန္ပို႔ဖို႔ အေရးယူခံရတာမ်ိဳးေတြရွိလာတယ္၊ ဒီ၂၀၁၈ ေဖေဖာ္၀ါရီလထဲမွာ ျမန္မာသံရံုး ၀ါရွင္တန္ဒီစီက ေျပာၾကားခ်က္အရဆိုရင္ လူ ၃၀ ေက်ာ္ေလာက္ အေမရိကန္ျပည္ေထာင္စုကေန ျမန္မာျပည္ျပန္ပို႔ဖို႔ စာရင္းေပးထားတာ။”
ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္ေပးခံရသူေတြရဲ႕ မူရင္းႏိုင္ငံေတြက ဒီလူေတြကို ခရီးသြားလက္မွတ္ ထုတ္ေပးျခင္းမရွိတဲ့အတြက္ သူတို႔ရဲ႕ အေထာက္အထားကိုယ္ေရးအခ်က္အလက္နဲ႕ဘယ္ ႏိုင္ငံသားျဖစ္တယ္ဆိုတာ အတည္ျပဳခ်က္မရမျခင္း အေမရိကန္လူ၀င္မႈနဲ႕ အခြန္ႀကီးၾကပ္ေရးဌာနအေနနဲ႕ ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္ေပးတဲ့ အစီအစဥ္ကို ၿပီးစီးေအာင္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္ျခင္း မရွိေၾကာင္း အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနက ေျပာပါတယ္။
အေမရိကန္ျပည္ေထာင္စုမွာ ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္ေပးခံရတဲ့ ျမန္မာနဲ႔ လာအိုႏိုင္ငံသားေတြကို ျပန္လက္ခံဖို႔ သက္ဆိုင္ရာ အစုိုးရေတြက ျငင္းပယ္တဲ့အတြက္ သူတို႔ေတြကို အေမရိကန္အစိုးရက ျပန္ၿပီးလႊတ္ေပးေနရတဲ့အထဲမွာ ရာဇ၀တ္မႈႀကီးႀကီးမားမား က်ဴးလြန္သူေတြေတာင္ ပါ၀င္ေနေၾကာင္း အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနရဲ႕ ေၾကညာခ်က္မွာေရးသားထားပါတယ္။
အရင္သမၼတ အိုဘားမားလက္ထက္က ျပည္ႏွင္ဒဏ္ေပးခံရသူေတြကို ျပန္ၿပီးလက္ခံဖို႔ ျငင္းပယ္တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေပါင္း ၂၃ ႏိုင္ငံရွိခဲ့ပါတယ္။ လက္ရွိ သမၼတ Trump လက္ထက္မွာေတာ့ အဲဒီႏိုင္ငံေတြထဲက က်ဴဘား၊ တရုတ္၊ အီရီထရီယား နဲ႔ အီရန္ ေလးႏိုင္ငံပဲ ဆက္လက္က်န္ရွိေနၿပီး ေနာက္ထပ္ ထပ္တိုးတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေတြအျဖစ္ ျမန္မာ၊ လာအို၊ ကေမၻာဒီးယား၊ ဗီယက္နမ္နဲ႕ ေဟာင္ေကာင္ အပါအ၀င္ စုစုေပါင္း ၉ ႏိုင္ငံရွိေနေၾကာင္း ဗီြအိုေအ ကရရွိတဲ့ အမိေျမလံုၿခံဳေရးဌာနရဲ႕ စာရင္းမွာ ေဖၚျပထားပါတယ္။
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“၂၁ရာစုပင္လုံ တတိယ အႀကိမ္ အစည္းအေဝး စတင္“

ျပည္ေထာင္စုၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးညီလာခံ ( ၂၁ ရာစုပင္လုံ ) တတိယအႀကိမ္ အစည္းအေဝး ကို ဒီကေန႕ မနက္ပိုင္းက စတင္ၿပီး ေနျပည္ေတာ္မွာ က်င္းပေနပါၿပီ။
ဒီကေန႕ ဖြင့္ပြဲ မွာေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ရဲ႕အတိုင္ပင္ခံပုဂၢိဳလ္ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ ၊ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီးမင္းေအာင္လိႈင္ ၊ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီး မူတူးေစးဖိုးနဲ႕ ရခုိင္အမ်ိဳးသားပါတီ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္တို႕ ဟာ အဖြင့္မိန္႕ခြန္းေျပာၾကားမယ္ လို႕သိရ      ပါတယ္ ။
အစည္းအေဝးဟာေျခာက္ရက္တာၾကာျမင့္မွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

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ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္သည္ လူဦးေရေပါက္ကဲြၿပီး ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္အတြင္း ၀င္ေရာက္လုပ္ကိုင္ စားေသာက္ ေနၾကသည္ဆိုသည့္အခ်က္ကို ျပန္လည္သံုးသပ္ေစလိုဟု ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္စစ္သံမွဴးက ေျပာ

ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံသည္ လူဦးေရေပါက္ကဲြၿပီး ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္ လုပ္ကိုင္စားေသာက္ရန္ ၀င္ေရာက္ေန ၾကသည္ဆိုသည့္အခ်က္အေပၚ ျပန္...

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