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28 August, 2018

U N Fact Finding Report: Rohingya Genocide

ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာ လူမ်ဳိးကုိ ဆယ္စုနွစ္ခ်ီျပီး လူမ်ဳိးတုန္းသတ္ျဖတ္
(Genocide) ခံေနရတာ ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း၊ အစုိးရ အဖဲြ့၀င္မ်ားနွင့္ လုံျခဳံေရး တပ္ဖဲြ့၀င္မ်ားက စနစ္တက် သတ္ျဖတ္က်ဴးလြန္ခဲ့ေၾကာင္း . တပ္မေတာ္ ကာကြယ္ေရး ဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္မွာ အျပည့္အ၀ တာ၀န္ရွိေၾကာင္း၊ အျပစ္ေပးခံရန္ တာ၀န္ရွိေၾကာင္း… စသည့္ျဖင့္ IFFM တာ၀န္ခံပုဂြဳိလ္မွ အက်ယ္တ၀န္း အစီရင္ခံ တင္ျပသြားပါတယ္။
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Video – TRT
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ျမန္မာစစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားကုိ လူမ်ိဳးတုန္း သတ္ျဖတ္မႈ စြဲခ်က္ျဖင့္ တရားစြဲရန္ ကုလ တုိက္တြန္း

ၾသဂုတ္ ၂၇၊ ၂၀၁၈
M-Media
– ႐ုိဟင္ဂ်ာနဲ႔ ႏုိင္ငံအတြင္းက အျခားေသာ တုိင္းရင္းသား လူနည္းစုေတြအေပၚ က်ဴးလြန္မႈေတြအတြက္ ျမန္မာ စစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြကုိ စစ္ရာဇ၀တ္မႈ၊ လူမ်ိဳးတုန္းသတ္ျဖတ္မႈေတြနဲ႔ တရားစြဲဆုိရမယ္လုိ႔ ကုလ အခ်က္အလက္ ရွာေဖြေရးအဖြဲ႕က ဒီကေန႔ထုတ္ျပန္တဲ့ အစီရင္ခံစာမွာ ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။
အဲဒီအခ်က္အလက္ ရွာေဖြေရးအဖြဲ႕ကုိ ၂၀၁၇ ခုႏွစ္ မတ္လက ကုလ လူ႕အခြင့္အေရးေကာင္စီက ဖြဲ႕စည္း ခဲ့တာျဖစ္ၿပီး ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္အပါအ၀င္ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံတစ္၀ွမ္းက တုိင္းရင္းသားေတြ၊ လူနည္းစုေတြ က်ဴးလြန္ခံေန ရတဲ့ ကိစၥေတြကို စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆး ေဖာ္ထုတ္ဖုိ႔ ရည္ရြယ္ပါတယ္။ ျမန္မာအစုိးရက ဒီအဖြဲ႕ကုိ လက္မခံသလုိ ျပည္ ၀င္ခြင့္ လည္း မေပးပါဘူး။
အဖြဲ႕ေခါင္းေဆာင္ မာဇူကီ ဒါ႐ုစ္မန္က သူ႕အဖြဲ႕က စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရးမႈးေတြဟာ မ်က္ျမင္သက္ေသေတြ၊ က်ဴးလြန္ ခံရသူ ၈၇၅ ဦးကုိ အင္တာဗ်ဴးမႈ၊ ၿဂိဳဟ္တုဓာတ္ပံုေတြ၊ အေထာက္အထားခုိင္မာတဲ့ ဓာတ္ပံုေတြ၊ ဗီဒီယိုေတြ ကုိ အေျခခံကာ အခ်က္အလက္ ေတာ္ေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားကုိ ရရွိခဲ့တယ္လုိ႔ ဒီကေန႔ ဂ်ီနီဗာမွာ ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။
စံုစမ္းေလ့လာမႈေတြအရ ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္ရဲ႕ ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈေတြဟာ ‘ႏုိင္ငံတကာ ဥပေဒအရ အဆုိးရြားဆံုးလုိ႔ သတ္မွတ္ထားတဲ့ ရာဇ၀တ္မႈေတြ ေျမာက္ေနတယ္ဆုိတာ သံသယျဖစ္စရာမလုိဘူး’ လုိ႔ အဖြဲ႕ရဲ႕ အစီရင္ခံစာမွာ ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။
က်ဴးလြန္ခံရသူေတြဟာ သူ႕ရဲ႕ဘ၀မွာ ႀကံဳဖူးခဲ့သမွ် ‘အဆုိးရြားဆံုး လူ႕အခြင့္အေရး ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈေတြကုိ ခံစားခဲ့ရတယ္’ လုိ႔ မာဇူကီက ဆုိၿပီး ‘ဒါေတြဟာ က်န္လူေတြရဲ႕ ဘ၀တစ္ေလွ်ာက္လံုးမွာ စိတ္အမာရြတ္အျဖစ္ က်န္ရွိသြားမွာျဖစ္တယ္’ လုိ႔ ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။
ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္ဟာ ‘လူ႕အသက္ေတြကို လံုး၀ အေလးမထားခဲ့သလုိ’ ‘ဆုိးရြားလြန္းတဲ့ ရက္စက္ၾကမ္းၾကဳတ္ မႈေတြ’ ကုိ လုပ္ေဆာင္ခဲ့တယ္လုိ႔လည္း မာဇူကီက ထည့္သြင္းေျပာဆုိခဲ့ပါတယ္။
ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္၊ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္နဲ႔ ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္တုိ႔က က်ဴးလြန္မႈေတြအတြက္ ကာကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ မွဴးႀကီး မင္းေအာင္လႈိင္အပါအ၀င္ စစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ၆ ဦးကုိ စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးကာ လူမ်ိဳးတုန္းသတ္ျဖတ္မႈ၊ စစ္ရာဇ၀တ္မႈ၊ လူသားထုအေပၚ က်ဴးလြန္တဲ့ ရာဇ၀တ္မႈနဲ႔ တရားစြဲဆုိရမယ္လုိ႔ အစီရင္ခံစာမွာ ေဖာ္ျပ ထားပါတယ္။
အစီရင္ခံစာမွာ တပ္မေတာ္လုိ႔ေခၚတဲ့ ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္ကုိ အဓိကထား ေဖာ္ျပထားေပမယ့္ အျခား လံုၿခံဳေရး တပ္ဖြဲ႕ေတြလည္း က်ဴးလြန္မႈေတြမွာ ပါ၀င္တယ္လုိ႔ ဆုိပါတယ္။
“ေတြ႕ရာျမင္ရာ သတ္ျဖတ္တာ၊ အမ်ိဳးသမီးေတြကို အဓမၼက်င့္တာ၊ ကေလးငယ္ေတြကုိ ညႇင္းပမ္းေစာ္ကားတာ၊ ရြာလံုးကၽြတ္ မီး႐ႈိ႕ဖ်က္ဆီးတာေတြကုိ တရားမွ်တေၾကာင္း ေျပာဆုိတာဟာ စစ္တပ္က လုပ္ရမယ့္ကိစၥမ်ိဳး မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။ ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္နဲ႔ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံေျမာက္ပုိင္းမွာ စစ္တပ္ရဲ႕ လုပ္ေဆာင္ခ်က္ဗ်ဴဟာေတြဟာ အမွန္တကယ္ လံုၿခံဳေရးဆုိင္ရာၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈကုိ တုန္႔ျပန္တာထက္ အမ်ားႀကီးကုိ ဆုိးရြားလြန္လြန္းေနပါတယ္” လုိ႔ အစီရင္ခံစာမွာ ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။
စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရးအဖြဲ႕၀င္တစ္ဦးျဖစ္တဲ့ ခရစၥတုိဖာ ဆီဒုိတီက အစီရင္ခံစာမွာ ေဖာ္ျပထားတဲ့ အခ်က္အလက္ေတြ ကို အေရးယူဖုိ႔အတြက္ ကုလလုံၿခံဳေရးေကာင္စီနဲ႔ ကုလအေထြေထြညီလာခံကုိ တုိက္တြန္းခဲ့ပါတယ္။
အစီရင္ခံစာမွာ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္အတုိင္ပင္ခံပုဂၢိဳလ္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ကုိလည္း ေ၀ဖန္ခဲ့ၿပီး စစ္တပ္ရဲ႕ လုပ္ရပ္ေတြ ကုိ တားဆီးမႈမရွိဘူးလုိ႔ ျပစ္တင္ထားပါတယ္။
ကုလဆုိင္ရာ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံသံအမတ္ႀကီး ဦးေဟာက္ဒုိဆြမ္းကေတာ့ အစီရင္ခံစာဟာ တစ္ဖက္သက္ အခ်က္အလက္ ကုိ အေျခခံေရးထားတာျဖစ္ၿပီး၊ ျမန္မာအစုိးရကုိယ္တုိင္က အခ်က္အလက္ရွာေဖြေရးအဖြဲ႕ကုိ လက္မခံေၾကာင္း၊ မိမိတုိ႔ရဲ႕ ရပ္တည္ခ်က္အတုိင္း ဆက္လက္လုပ္ေဆာင္သြားမွာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ဘီဘီစီ သတင္းဌာနကုိ ေျဖၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။
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Removing Myanmar Military Officials From Facebook

The ethnic violence in Myanmar has been truly horrific. Earlier this month, we shared an update on the steps we’re taking to prevent the spread of hate and misinformation on Facebook. While we were too slow to act, we’re now making progress – with better technology to identify hate speech, improved reporting tools, and more people to review content.
Today, we are taking more action in Myanmar, removing a total of 18 Facebook accounts, one Instagram account and 52 Facebook Pages, followed by almost 12 million people. We are preserving data, including content, on the accounts and Pages we have removed.
Specifically, we are banning 20 individuals and organizations from Facebook in Myanmar — including Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the military’s Myawady television network. International experts, most recently in a report by the UN Human Rights Council-authorized Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar, have found evidence that many of these individuals and organizations committed or enabled serious human rights abuses in the country. And we want to prevent them from using our service to further inflame ethnic and religious tensions. This has led us to remove six Pages and six accounts from Facebook — and one account from Instagram — which are connected to these individuals and organizations. We have not found a presence on Facebook or Instagram for all 20 individuals and organizations we are banning.
We have also removed 46 Pages and 12 accounts for engaging in coordinated inauthentic behavior on Facebook. During a recent investigation, we discovered that they used seemingly independent news and opinion Pages to covertly push the messages of the Myanmar military. This type of behavior is banned on Facebook because we want people to be able to trust the connections they make.
We continue to work to prevent the misuse of Facebook in Myanmar — including through the independent human rights impact assessment we commissioned earlier in the year. This is a huge responsibility given so many people there rely on Facebook for information — more so than in almost any other country given the nascent state of the news media and the recent rapid adoption of mobile phones. It’s why we’re so determined to do better in the future.
A sample of the content from these Pages and accounts is included below.
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UN: Netherlands, Kuwait support charges against Myanmar

 27.08.2018  
   
UN: Netherlands, Kuwait support charges against Myanmar

By Umar Farooq
WASHINGTON
UN representatives of the Netherlands and Kuwait said Monday they support the organization’s demand for genocide charges against the Myanmar army for their persecution of Rohingya Muslims.
"We are very concerned about the atrocities committed there and call for accountability and to refer the situation in Myanmar to the ICC," Netherlands' permanent representative to the UN Karel van Oosterom said before a UN Security Council meeting.
Kuwait's permanent representative to the UN Mansour Al-Otaibi also said his country supports the establishment of an international mechanism to punish those responsible for the crimes committed in the Rakhine state.
"Today's report is a very documented report with pictures and videos of these atrocities," Otaibi said. "We support accountability and I will talk about this at the UN Security Council meeting on Myanmar tomorrow."
The UN Security Council will meet Tuesday to discuss the situation in Myanmar and the report by the UN fact finding mission.
The UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar called on top Myanmar’s top military officials, including commander-in-chief Staff Min Aung Hlaing, to be tried at the International Criminal Court (ICC) for genocide committed against Rohingya Muslims.
"Military necessity would never justify killing indiscriminately, gang-raping women, assaulting children, and burning entire villages. The Tatmadaw’s [Myanmar's armed forces] tactics are consistently and grossly disproportionate to actual security threats, especially in Rakhine State, but also in northern Myanmar," the report said.
On Aug. 25, 2017, Myanmar launched a major military crackdown on the Muslim ethnic minority, killing almost 24,000 civilians and forcing 750,000 others including women and children to flee to Bangladesh, according to the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).
The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.
The UN documented mass gang rapes, killings -- including of infants and young children -- brutal beatings, and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces. In its report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity.
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27 August, 2018

BBC Channel 4: Myanmar’s Killing Fields

     

Myanmar’s Killing Fields
===================
Secret footage going back years shows the effort to kill and expel Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar. With accounts from victims and a whistleblower within the military, the film examines evidence that security forces committed crimes against humanity.
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Myanmar’s Killing Fields အမည္ၿဖင့္ ရခိုင္ၿပည္နယ္တြင္ ၿဖစ္ပြား ခဲ့ေသာ အေရးအခင္းမ်ားကို BBC Channel 4 မွ မွတ္တမ္းတင္ခဲ့ရာ  ၂၀၁၂ ခုနွစ္အၿဖစ္အပ်က္နွင့္ ၂၀၁၆၊၂၀၁၇ အၿဖစ္အပ်က္မ်ားကို အေသး စိတ္မွတ္တမ္းတင္နိုင္ခဲ့သည္။ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာတို့၏ ေအာက္ေမ့ဘြယ္ေန့ကို ရည္စူး၍ စတုထၱအပိုင္းကို တင္ေပး လိုက္ပါသည္။
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ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာမ်ားအတြက္ လုံျခဳံသည့္နယ္ေျမတစ္ခု တည္ေထာင္ၿပီး အိႏၵိယ၊ တ႐ုတ္ႏွင့္ အာဆီယံနိုင္ငံ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ရန္ လိုအပ္ဟု ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ နိုင္ငံျခားေရးဝန္ႀကီးေျပာ

Posted on February 09, 2019   အိႏၵိယဝန္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ မိုဒီႏွင့္ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္နိုင္ငံျခားေရးဝန္ႀကီး မိုမန္တို႔ ေဖေဖာ္ဝါရီလ (၇)...

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